World Health Organization, Geneva, 206. Carotenoids. An excellent flavour, they taste somewhat like a sweet cabbage [183 ]. RK and ML minerals. Wolffia globosa or Water-meal can weigh about 1/190,000 of an ounce, equivalent to two grains of table salt. The nutritional properties of Mankai, a cultivated strain of Wolffia Globosa, is reflected in high protein content (more than 45%) of the dry matter, the presence of 9 essential and 6 conditional AAs and demonstrable protein digestibility corrected amino acid score [PDCAAS] of 89%. Lutein + Zeaxanthin and omega-3 fatty acids for age-related macular degeneration. Nutr. JE, SL, CD, CS, and GL analyzed and evaluated the fatty acid content. Interestingly, different clones of the same species had different mineral contents although cultivated under identical conditions. Araceae + Synonyms. The dominating carotenoid in all cases was clearly lutein (ca. Concentrations of phytol (1.8–5.2% of the total fat content in the Wolffia samples) were in the range of the phytosterols, while the content of dihydrophytol was around 1% or lower (Table 10). 15:32. doi: 10.1186/s12944-016-0199-2. What’s the smallest fruit? As reported in the ISCDRA report by Sree and Appenroth (2016), water lentils – and especially species of the Wolffia genus – have been traditionally consumed globally as a component of a nutritious human diet in a variety of meals or snacks. It serves up a rather unique nutrient profile. The FA species and their positional and cis/trans isomers were characterized in scan mode and quantified by single ion monitoring to detect specific fragments of saturated and unsaturated FAs (saturated, m/z 74; monounsaturated, m/z 55; diunsaturated, m/z 67; polyunsaturated, m/z 79). For more information about QR Codes click here. The three investigated clones of W. arrhiza and the four clones of W. globosa illustrate that the content of phytosterols also depends on the origin of the clones and not only on the species. 13:201. doi: 10.1186/1471-2229-13-201, Ziegler, P., Adelmann, K., Zimmer, S., Schmidt, C., and Appenroth, K-J. Background & aims: While the world is extensively looking for alternatives to animal protein sources, it is not clear which plant sources can provide the requisite full complement of essential amino acids (EAAs). The leaves are very nutritious, containing about 20% protein, 44% carbohydrate. Edible Parts: LeavesEdible Uses: Leaves - cooked. In order to deepen our understanding of the nutritional value of these tiny plant species, we selected 16 clones, all belonging to the genus Wolffia, comprising all the eleven species known till-date and investigated the above-mentioned components in the duckweed samples. Table 10. This plant, called Wolffia globosa, otherwise known as duckweed or water lens, has what it takes to replace animal meat. Am. Data were recorded from m/z 50 to 650 after a solvent delay of 7 min. BMC Plant Biol. To make up for any deficiency, dieters are asked to consume what's known as Wolffia globosa, or a byproduct of duckweed, an aquatic plant. Table 3. doi: 10.1007/s11250-012-0091-7, Tang, J., Li, Y., Ma, J., and Cheng, J. J. J. In several developing countries, the low starch content has no disadvantages as human food, as starch intake is often high in these countries because of the staple food rice and maize [EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), 2017]. In a recent publication, we provided an overview of the nutritional status of the whole plant family, Lemnaceae, and investigated species from each of the five genera concerning their protein content, amino acid spectrum, starch content, fat content, and fatty acid distribution (Appenroth et al., 2017). WHO (World Health Organization) (1985). The foods will be provided with 250ml mineral water and the blood follow-up frame will be for 3 hours. References. Amado et al. 116, 1372–1380. (2013). However, more important than the differences in the quantity of the different biochemical components, is the nutritional quality of these components. The authors reported analytical difficulties for the determination of sulfur-containing AA, which might explain why they called their study preliminary. Plant. Sterols and phytols in Wolffia species. In our previous publication (Appenroth et al., 2017), we compared already the quality and quantity of nutritional components in several duckweeds with other plant species (cf. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.11.007, PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar, Appenroth, K. J., Sree, K. S., Böhm, V., Hammann, S., Vetter, W., Leiterer, M., et al. This was demonstrated by partially large RSDs of the averages (Tables 3–5). (2015). Veröffentlichungen des Geobotanischen Institutes der Eidg. Pakistan Vet. This holds true especially for the minor components 24-methylenecholesterol, Δ5-avenasterol, Δ5,24(25)-stigmadienol, Δ7-sitosterol, Δ7-stigmasterol, cycloartenol and 24-methylenecycloartanol. Species of the genus Wolffia are traditionally used as human food in some of the Asian countries. Wolffia globosa: Replacement of 20, 50 and 75% of soybean protein with Wolffia meal protein: 50% of soybean protein can be replaced with Wolffia meal protein without affecting feed efficiency, performance and carcass quality of quails. Volume 38, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages 2576-2582. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. In humans, the long-chain n-3 PUFA are also metabolized from ALA, which is the major fatty acid in the lipid fraction of the studied Wolffia species, whereby the conversion from SDA is more effective (Dittrich et al., 2015). (2013). Health Prod. Food Chem. The highest fraction of SFA (Tables 3, 5) was detected in W. globosa 9498 (~42%), the lowest was in W. arrhiza 9528 (~29%). They multiply so rapidly that in a short time they can cover the entire surface of a body of water. An endemic species to the webpage the QR Code which automatically takes them to the Indian subcontinent and W. was... Averages ( Tables 3–5 ) is Edible Shrubs closed and heated in the area of.. Moist we = wet Wa = water full shade s = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( ). 350X, PerkinElmer ) light ( sandy ) M = Moist we = wet Wa = water to! Photoperiod remains to be released soon is Edible Shrubs “ heavy metals ” in sciences! 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